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20 septembre 2007 4 20 /09 /septembre /2007 22:05

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German 88mm Flak Gun
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SKN: 80034 | SCALE: 1:32

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German 88mm gun is probably the best known artillery piece of World War II. First time 88mm saw combat was in Spain during the Civil War in 1936, where it proved itself to be not only excellent anti-aircraft gun but also ideal tank killer due to its high muzzle velocity and efficient heavy projectile. It again proved to be an excellent anti-tank gun in France in 1940, especially against heavily armored French Char B1-bis heavy tanks and British Mk.II Matilda infantry tanks. By the time when it arrived in North Africa it was a feared tank killer, which could knock any Allied tank at distances well over 1000 meters. It again proved its reputation in Russia, where it was the only gun capable of dealing with Soviet T-34/76 medium tanks and KW-1 heavy tanks, before the arrival of heavier German tanks. 88mm Flak guns were also used as field artillery - e.g. during the Battle of the Bulge. The only problem with 88mm Flak series was its height and weight, which forced it in action to rely on its power and range rather than concealment. During the war 88mm Flak series guns were used aside of the German Army by Italy and captured examples were often used by the Allies including US Army in late 1944 in Western Europe. After the war many 88mm Flak series guns were used by many countries including former Yugoslavia and Denmark.

Prototype of Flak 18 was developed as early as 1928 by Krupp of Essen in cooperation with Swedish Bofors, but entered production after Hitler's rise to power in 1933/34. It was mounted on pivoted cruciform carriage, which was carried by two single axle trailers, which allowed it to be quickly dismounted. Flak 18 had single piece barrel. Next model Flak 36 was basically Flak 18 with multi-section barrel and new type of transport trailers. Flak 36 was followed by Flak 37, which was an improved Flak 36 with revised fire control data transmission system, which made the gun more suited for static rather than mobile use. Flak 36 and Flak 37 differ from each other by the carriages. Flak 18 was transported using lighter trailer (Sonderanhaenger 201) and was lighter in transport than later models, which used Sonderanhaenger 202 by 1200kg. All three models were interchangeable and often Flak 18 barrels were mounted on Flak 37 carriages. Also during production various changes were introduced including new trailers, various mounting (e.g. railway flatcars and coastal defenses). In August of 1944, there were some 10704 Flak 18, 36 and 37 guns in service.


In 1942, Flak 41 (Geraet 37) gun was introduced but small number was produced by Rheinmetall due to early technical probelms. It was a complicated weapon and development continued until 1943. It was prone to problems with ammunition, since cases often jammed on extraction after firing. Two types of gun barrels were used - three and four section. First examples were used in Tunisia but due to technical problems following their debut Flak 41 guns were used exclusively within Germany, where they could be properly maintained and serviced if needed. Only 157 Flak 41 guns were in use as of August of 1944 and 318 in January of 1945. When it worked without problems it was an excellent artillery piece and from a technical point of view it is regarded as the best German anti-aircraft gun of the war.

Last model Flak 37/41 was a combination of Flak 41 gun barrel with Flak 37 carriage, but because of technical problems only 13 were produced.


 

weapon 88cmflak18 41

 

weapon 88cmflak18 10

 

weapon 88cmflak18 49

 

weapon 88cmflak18 16

 

Model:
Lenght of Barrel in Calibres:
Barrel Length:
Combat Weight (kg):
Transport Weight (kg):
Max Barrel Elevation (degrees):
Flak 18
L/56
4.93m
5000
8200
85
Flak 36
L/56
4.93m
5000
8200
85
Flak 37
L/56
4.93m
5000
8200
85
Flak 41
L/74
6.54m
7840
11240
90
Flak 37/41
L/88
7.74m
5250
8450
85

Model:

Initial Projectile Speed:

Projectile Weight:

Max Horizontal/Vertical Range:

Rate of Fire:

Armor Penetration:

Flak 18
Flak 36
Flak 37

HE - 820m/s

AP - 795m/s

HE - 9kg

AP - 9.5kg

14815-14860m
8000-10600m

15-20rpm

Pzgr - 98mm@100m
78mm@1500m

Pzgr 39 - 128mm@100m
97mm@1500m

Pzgr 40 - 185mm@100m
123mm@1500m

HL Gr 39 - 90mm up to 3000m

Flak 41

HE - 1000m/s

AP - 980m/s

Subcaliber - 1125m/s

HE - 9.4kg

AP - 10kg

Subcaliber - 7.5kg

19735-20000m
10675-15000m

20-25rpm

AP - 194mm@100m
159mm@1000m
127mm@2000m

Subcaliber - 237mm@100m
192mm@1000m
152mm@2000m

Flak 37/41

HE - 1000m/s

AP - 980m/s

Subcaliber - 1125m/s

HE - 9.4kg

AP - 10kg

Subcaliber - 7.5kg

20000m
12350-14700m

15-20rpm

AP - 194mm@100m
159mm@1000m
127mm@2000m

Subcaliber - 237mm@100m
192mm@1000m
152mm@2000m

 

 

 

flak 88color

 

weapon 88cmflak18 47

 

weapon 88cmflak18 27

 

loading 88

 

relv-4c

 

veteran-88

 

flak 01

flak 03

 

88mm-vs-b17

 

weapon 88cmflak18 8






General Field Marshall Rommel And The Flak 8.8

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